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CEDAR RED (JUNIPERUS VIRGINIANA)
Eastern red cedar is native . It is a broadly conical, sometimes columnar, dense,
evergreen conifer with horizontal branching that typically grows to
30-65’ tall. Gray to reddish-brown bark exfoliates in thin shreddy
strips on mature trees. Trunks are often fluted at the base. Heartwood
is aromatic, and is commonly used for cedar chests. Dark
blue green scale-like foliage. Foliage may turn brown-green in winter.
Cultivars of this species often retain better foliage color in winter.
This is a dioecious species (separate male and female trees). Female
trees produce round, gray to blackish-green berry-like cones that ripen in fall the first year. Berry-like cones are
attractive to many birds. Easily grown in average, dry to moist, well-drained soils in full sun.
Tolerates a wide range of soils and growing conditions, from swamps to
dry sandy soil. Prefers moist soils, but has the best drought
resistance of any conifer native to the eastern U. S. High aerosol salt tolerance and moderate soil tolerance.